Imperialism and WWI

Imperialism was spurred on by the Industrial Revolution. Many countries needed new natural resources and new markets, both of which could be gained by taking over other countries, whether it was politically or economically. The tensions that came from these international rivalries, as well as an increase in militarism, both helped contribute to the start of World War One.


Imperialism "Open Door" Policy Boxer Rebellion Congress of Berlin "Splendid Isolation"
Sphere of Influence Boer War Opium Wars White Man's Burden "Indirect Rule"
Social Darwinism Impressionism Post-Impressionism Cubism Zionism
Fabian Socialists "Bloody Sunday" No Man's Land Schleiffen Plan Trench Warfare
Central Powers Allied Powers Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Communism League of Nations



Leopold II of Belgium Albert Einstein Nietzsche Freud Vincent van Gogh
Picasso Alfred Dreyfus David Lloyd George Gavrillo Princip Nicholas II
Rasputin Alexander Kerensky Woodrow Wilson Bolsheviks Mensheviks



  1. How did European imperialism differ from American imperialism?
  2. Describe the rise of socialism. Where did it begin? Who were the proponents? Which countries embraced it? Which rejected it?
  3. Describe the rise of communism. Where did it begin? Who were the proponents? Which countries embraced it? Which rejected it?
  4. How did the Congress of Berlin change the balance of power in Europe?
  5. How did psychology change in the post WWI period?
  6. What were the immediate causes of WWI? What were some of the long term causes?
  7. The War Guild Clause blamed WWI on the Germans (among other things). What happened in Germany because of the clause? What happened in the rest of Europe?
  8. Why did the Russian revolution of 1905 fail? Why did the revolution of 1917 succeed?
  9. What problems existed in the League of Nations? Why did it ultimately fail?
  10. Why did WWI turn into a stalemate on the Western Front?


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