Religious War, Exploration, and Absolutism

Because of the great changes brought about by the Reformation, it should come as not surprise that religious wars would break out between the more traditional believers and the reformers. Interestingly, one major battleground was the New World, "discovered" near the end of the Renaissance. Additionally, monarchs during this period began to take power away from the nobility and common man, turning in to absolute monarchs.


Thirty Years War Edict of Restitution Peace of Westphalia Treaty of Tordesillas Encomienda
Slave Trade Dutch East India Company Navigation Acts Gold Coast New World
Joint Stock Company Mercantilism Columbian Exchange Absolutism Divine Right
Fronde War of Spanish Succession Treaty of Utrecht Versailles Peace of Utrecht
English Civil War Restoration Test Act Glorious Revolution Bill of Rights




Gustavus Adolphus Marco Polo Prince Henry the Navigator Bartholomeu Diaz Vasco da Gama
Christopher Columbus Magellan Cortes Pizarro Cardinal Richelieu and Mazarin
Louis XIV Colbert Peter the Great Romanovs House of Orange
James I Charles I Oliver Cromwell Cavaliers Roundheads
Charles II James II Hobbes Locke William and Mary



  1. Explain how the 30 Years' War could be considered the first world war.
  2. How did the War of Spanish Succession signal and end to the expansionist policies of Louis XIV?
  3. How was the palace at Versailles used as a tool by Louis XIV to control his nobles?
  4. What made the English Glorious Revolution so glorious?
  5. What problems existed between the English monarchy and Parliament during this era?
  6. Why was the Treaty of Tordesillas unfair?
  7. Which of the explorers listed on this page was most important? Why?
  8. How did Mercantilism differ from capitalism? How are they similar?
  9. How was Louis XIV the model absolutist?
  10. Describe the differences between the treatments of the Natives by the Spanish and English in the New World.

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