Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment

While much of the last two units have focused on religious issues, many people used new scientific discoveries to move away from organized religion. In addition, many people looked at the scientific laws that were being written and started to apply them to humanity, creating a set of rights they argued people had from birth.


Scientific Revolution Geocentric Universe Heliocentric Universe Principa Mathematica Discourse on Method
Deductive Method Inductive Method Scientific Method French Royal Academy of Sciences Critique of Pure Reason
Essay Concerning Human Understanding Encyclopedia Wealth of Nations Laissez-faire Social Contract
Salon Neoclassicism Enlightened Absolutism Seven Years War French-Indian War



Copernicus Kepler Galileo Newton Descartes
Immanuel Kant Montesquieu Voltaire Diderot Hume
Rousseau Jacques-Louis David Edward Gibbon Beccaria John Wesley
Louis XVI William Pitt the Elder Frederick II "The Great" Maria Theresa Joseph II



  1. What were the major scientific discoveries of the era?
  2. How did those discoveries impact the "human experience?"
  3. How did the Scientific Revolution conflict with the Catholic Church?
  4. How did the study of science become institutionalized?
  5. What were the main tenants of the Enlightenment?
  6. What factors led to the start of the Enlightenment?
  7. What made someone an "Enlightened" ruler?
  8. How did Enlightened despots differ from non-Englightened despots?
  9. How did the Enlightenment affect organized religion?
  10. What were the major works of the Enlightenment?
  11. How did Catherine the Great attempt to make Russia more enlightened?
  12. Which impacted women more - the Scientific Revolution or the Enlightenment? Why?


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